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Advancing Scientific Knowledge with Citizen Science
By harnessing the enthusiasm of people around the world, citizen science is advancing our understanding of geophysics, weather, and climate.
Citizen science projects -- efforts to advance scientific knowledge by harnessing the enthusiasm and curiosity of citizens around the world -- will be the focus of a White House hosted forum. The Open Science and innovation: Of the People, By the People, For the People forum will take place on September 30, 2015, from 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m. EDT. The White House is inviting the public to view the forum live via webcast at wh.gov/live and to participate on social media by tweeting questions to @WhiteHouseOSTP using the hashtag #WHCitSci. The event will also mark the release of the Federal Citizen Science and Crowdsourcing Toolkit, a resource highlighting case studies of successful citizen science projects.
One of the projects featured in the Toolkit is CrowdMag. This effort, developed in partnership with the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Science, invites the public to help improve magnetic navigation by tracking changes in the Earth's magnetic field using the free CrowdMag app, available for both Android and iOS devices. The app uses the accelerometers and magnetometers built into smartphones to provide very localized magnetic field data. This data will help update models of Earth's geomagnetic data -- the very same models that smartphone or GPS already uses to help you navigate.
NCEI is also involved in another citizen science project known as Cyclone Center, a collaborative effort involving NCEI, Zooniverse, the University of North Carolina–Asheville, and the Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellite–North Carolina that gives volunteers a way to help improve our understanding of tropical cyclones. So far, more than 10,000 volunteers have viewed and classified more than 450,000 satellite images from more than 30 years of tropical storm records, and evidence suggests that consensus estimates from these citizen scientists do as well as or better than automated methods.
CoCoRaHS and mPING
NOAA supports several other citizen science projects as well, and the Toolkit will also feature two of these: the Community Collaborative Rain, Hail, and Snow Network or CoCoRaHS and the Meteorological Phenomena Identification Near the Ground or mPING project. CoCoRaHS allows volunteers to provide daily precipitation data using simple tools and an interactive website. And, the mPING project, managed by NOAA’s National Severe Storms Laboratory, crowdsources weather reports via a free smartphone app.
All of these citizen science efforts are already advancing our understanding of weather, climate, and geophysics, while providing fun, educational opportunities for all of us to participate in the process of scientific discovery. We invite you to check out these and other crowdsourcing opportunities and to try your hand at citizen science.
For more information on these citizen science projects, see:
- Open Science and Innovation: Of the People, By the People, For the People
- The What, Why, How, and Who of Cyclone Center
- What is CrowdMag?
- About CoCoRaHS
- mPING Crowdsourcing Weather Reports
New Sea Ice Concentration Product for Operational Ice Forecasting
MASAM2 from 10 Nov 2014: FTP
New product provides 40% higher accuracy in developing
daily operational sea ice forecasts Arctic-wide.
The Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES), a partnership of NCEI and the University of Colorado Boulder, announces the release of a combined satellite imagery and human analysis sea ice concentration product. The new product provides 40% higher accuracy in developing daily operational sea ice forecasts Arctic-wide. Developed by scientists at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (part of CIRES), NASA, Naval Research Lab, and the National Ice Center, this product includes human analysis of the sea ice edge, leading to detection of thin, small ice floes and surface melt on top of ice during the summer.
MASAM2 is a blend of two other daily sea ice data products. First is ice coverage from MASIE, the Multisensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent product, at 4-km grid cell size. Second is ice concentration from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer 2 (AMSR2) at 10-km grid cell size. MASIE and AMSR2 data are fused together to take advantage of the best features of both products. MASIE, based on U.S. National Ice Center analyses, is more likely to be accurate in showing where ice is present than AMSR2 due to the use of multiple sensors and quality control. However, the AMSR2 sea ice concentration product provides concentration information not available from MASIE alone. This prototype MASAM2 product currently covers only 27 months, July 2012 through mid-November 2014, but it will become a daily product if warranted.
Data are delivered in monthly NetCDF files that hold daily sea ice concentration fields. Two daily images are also provided. One shows a quick-view map of the MASAM2 sea ice concentration, and the other is an ice-source map indicating which datasets show the presence of ice: AMSR2, MASIE, both, or neither.
To access the data and learn more about this product, see the MASAM2: Daily 4-Km Arctic Sea Ice Concentration, 2012–2014 documentation.
Become a Citizen Scientist with Our CrowdMag App
Earth's magnetic model developed using CrowdMag data
You can help us improve the accuracy of magnetic navigation by tracking changes in Earth's magnetic field with the CrowdMag app.
If you're interested in assisting our scientists with geomagnetic research, we've got the app for you! The CrowdMag app, which is available on Google Play for Android devices and Apple's iTunes store for iOS devices, allows you to help scientists obtain data about Earth's magnetic field.
How does the app work? Your smartphone has what's known as a magnetometer-a miniature device incorporated into its integrated circuits-that allows your phone to function similar to a compass. The magnetometers in most smartphones measure Earth's magnetic field in three dimensions. When the magnetometer's data are combined with that of the accelerometer-a device that detects how the phone has moved in relation to a reference position-the phone's directional orientation can be determined.
Science quality magnetic data are typically collected with low-noise sensors in a relatively noise free environment. However, a phone's magnetometer also senses noise from currents flowing in its electronic circuits. Additionally, a phone's magnetometer has a significantly lower sensitivity than a sensor used for measuring science quality data. All these factors make it difficult to separate noise from the geomagnetic field in a phone's magnetic measurements.
This is where we need your help. After you install the CrowdMag app, your phone will send us the data collected by the magnetometer and accelerometer to help measure the strength of Earth's magnetic field at a specific point. By sourcing magnetic data from a large number of users, scientists plan to reduce noise in the data.
You might be thinking, "My phone has GPS. Why would it need something that works like a compass?" In your phone, the magnetometer and accelerometer help keep the GPS on track since GPS alone cannot provide pointing direction. Other limitations of GPS include the potential for satellite signals to become jammed or masked and an inability to penetrate water well or reach underground. Satellites are also only able to examine one region at a time, which can limit their ability to see the small, constant variations in Earth's magnetic field.
By collecting data from large number of smartphones, scientists plan to overcome or compensate for some of the limitations that accompany satellite geomagnetic data. They also allow scientists to develop magnetic models with much higher resolution than with satellites alone -- closer to a few meters versus around 3,000 kilometers. Ultimately, these data and the research that uses them will help us improve navigational accuracy as well as our understanding of Earth's magnetic field and the changes it undergoes.
Download CrowdMag on Google Play for Android devices and Apple's iTunes store for iOS devices and see if you can become a super data collector. You'll earn badges based on the number of data readings you make: bronze for 100 readings, silver for 1,000, gold for 10,000, and platinum for 100,000. To learn more about the app, visit our About CrowdMag page. And, to learn more about geomagnetism, visit our Geomagnetism Frequently Asked Questions.
Enhanced Magnetic Model Updated
NCEI Enhanced Magnetic Model (EMM2015) (solid) over the World Magnetic Model (WMM2015) (dashed) declination contours (1 degree intervals); Red = Eastward, Green = Zero, Blue = Westward Declination
NCEI has updated the Enhanced Magnetic Model
to accurately represent the Earth's magnetic field at a high resolution.
People have used Earth's magnetic field for navigation since ancient times. Magnetic navigation has continued to improve alongside transportation technologies so that now we use magnetic models in planes, ships, vehicles, and even in smartphones. To improve magnetic navigation, NCEI scientists have tracked the changing magnetic field using satellites. This provides the most accurate and reliable models so that users can navigate their world with ease and precision. Using that work, NCEI has updated the Enhanced Magnetic Model (EMM). The EMM is a high-resolution spherical harmonic model of the magnetic field produced by the Earth's core that will accurately represent the main magnetic field on Earth until 2020.
Like the World Magnetic Model, the EMM is a large-scale representation of Earth's magnetic field that gives analog and digital magnetic compasses dependable accuracy. However, the EMM has a much higher resolution than its World Magnetic Model "cousin," making it require more computing power to run. The EMM's higher resolution also results in significantly improved pointing accuracy for applications that utilize it, which is required in aircraft manufacturing for example. The EMM also aids scientific researchers in their study of magnetic field anomalies originating the Earth's crust, which provides insight into plate tectonics.
Using years of satellite, marine, aeromagnetic and ground magnetic survey data, our scientists are able to model Earth's changing magnetic field and predict what it will look like over the next five years. Produced every five years, this model of the magnetic field produced by Earth's rapidly spinning metallic core and magnetized rocks within the lithosphere provides the best source of data for evaluating the evolution of Earth's main magnetic field and the most accurate models for a myriad of navigational uses across the globe.
50 Years of Tsunami Warning in the Pacific
This month marks 50 years since the start of the Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System.
This month marks 50 years since the start of the Intergovernmental Coordination Group for the Pacific Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System (ICG/PTWS). Following the May 22, 1960, Chilean tsunami, which stemmed from a 9.5-magnitude earthquake off the coast of southern Chile, members of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission established the ICG/PTWS. Today, the ICG/PTWS, based in Honolulu, Hawaii, coordinates an international effort across the Pacific to enhance tsunami warning and mitigation activities.
To commemorate the 50 years of tsunami disaster risk reduction efforts, the United States is hosting several events, including the 2015 International Tsunami Symposium and Twenty-sixth Session of the ICG/PTWS. These events will also be part of Hawaii's Tsunami Awareness Month, which remembers the 1946 Aleutian Islands tsunami that triggered the start of the U.S. Seismic Sea (Tsunami) Wave Warning System in 1949.
In support of NOAA's Tsunami Program, the National Centers for Environmental Information host the World Data Service for Geophysics, which includes information on tsunamis and is the national and international tsunami data archive. The World Data Service's tsunami data archive and its data management activities will be highlighted at the International Tsunami Symposium. Visit our Tsunami Data and Information page to see all of our tsunami-related products and services.
National Centers for Environmental Information
NOAA's former three data centers have merged into the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
The demand for high-value environmental data and information has dramatically increased in recent years. To improve our ability to meet that demand, NOAA’s former three data centers—the National Climatic Data Center, the National Geophysical Data Center, and the National Oceanographic Data Center, which includes the National Coastal Data Development Center—have merged into the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI).
NCEI will be responsible for hosting and providing access to one of the most significant archives on Earth, with comprehensive oceanic, atmospheric, and geophysical data. From the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun and from million-year-old sediment records to near real-time satellite images, NCEI will be the Nation’s leading authority for environmental information.
Today we've launched a landing page for the new organization at www.ncei.noaa.gov. Visit this page to browse our full spectrum of atmospheric, oceanographic, coastal, and geophysical products and services.
NCEI is committed to continuing to provide you with the data, information, and services you have come to rely on.
If you have specific questions about this merger, please let us know at firstname.lastname@example.org.