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ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model

browse graphicImage of ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model
In August 2008, the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), an office of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), developed the ETOPO1 Global Relief Model as an improvement to the ETOPO2v2 Global Relief Model. ETOPO1 is available in "Ice Surface" (top of Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets) and "Bedrock" (base of the ice sheets) versions. Both versions of ETOPO1 were generated from diverse global and regional digital data sets, which were shifted to
common horizontal and vertical datums, and then evaluated and edited as needed. Bathymetric, topographic, and shoreline data used in ETOPO1 were obtained from NGDC, Antarctic Digital Database (ADD), European Ice Sheet Modeling Initiative (EISMINT), Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), Japan Oceanographic Data Center (JODC), Caspian Environment Programme (CEP), Mediterranean Science Commission (CIESM), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Snow and Ice
Data Center (NSIDC), Scripps Institute of Oceanography (SIO), and Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research (LIBSR). ETOPO1 is vertically referenced to sea level, and horizontally referenced to the World Geodetic System of 1984 (WGS 84). Cell size for ETOPO1 is 1 arc-minute.
Cite as: Amante, C. and B.W. Eakins, 2009. ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5C8276M [access date].
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Distribution Formats
  • netCDF (Version: 4.3.1)
    • File Compression: GZIP
  • GRD98
    • File Compression: GZIP
  • binary
    • File Compression: GZIP
  • xyz
    • File Compression: GZIP
  • georeferenced tiff
    • File Compression: GZIP
  • pdf
  • png
  • jpeg
  • kmz
Distributor DEM Information
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
dem.info@noaa.gov
Dataset Point of Contact DEM Information
DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
dem.info@noaa.gov
Time Period: 1940-01-01 to 2008-01-01
Spatial Reference System: urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::4326urn:ogc:def:crs:EPSG::5715
Spatial Bounding Box Coordinates:
N: 90.00
S: -90.00
E: 180.00
W: -180.00
Dataset Information
General Documentation
Associated Resources
Date(s)
  • publication: 2009-01-01
Edition: First
Dataset Progress Status Complete
Data Update Frequency: As needed
Purpose: Developed to support global research, exploration, and education
Use Limitations
  • Not to be used for navigation. Although these data are of high quality and useful for planning and modeling purposes, they are not suitable for navigation. For navigation, please refer to the NOS nautical chart series.
  • Produced by the NOAA National Geophysical Data Center. Not subject to copyright protection within the United States.
Dataset Citation Cite as: Amante, C. and B.W. Eakins, 2009. ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5C8276M [access date].
Originator(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Custodian(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Publisher(s)
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Theme keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Bathymetry
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Continental Margins
  • Earth Science > Oceans > Bathymetry/Seafloor Topography > Water Depth
  • EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > Coastal Processes > Coastal Elevation
INFOTERRA Keyword Thesaurus
  • INFOTERRA > Subject disciplines > Geophysics > Geophysics
  • INFOTERRA > Subject disciplines > Geomorphology > Geomorphology
Uncontrolled
  • Global relief
  • Gridded elevations
  • Integrated bathymetry and topography
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Service Keywords
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Service Keywords
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS > WEB-BASED GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
  • DATA MANAGEMENT/DATA HANDLING > DATA SEARCH AND RETRIEVAL
  • DATA ANALYSIS AND VISUALIZATION > VISUALIZATION/IMAGE PROCESSING
Data Center keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Data Center Keywords
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NGDC > National Geophysical Data Center, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Platform keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Platform Keywords
  • Models/Analyses > DEM > Digital Elevation Model
Place keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords
  • Geographic Region > Global Land
  • Geographic Region > Global Ocean
Project keywords Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Project Keywords
  • ICSU-WDS > International Council for Science - World Data System
  • NOAA OneStop Project
Use Constraints No constraint information available
Access Constraints
  • Distribution liability: NOAA and NCEI make no warranty, expressed or implied, regarding these data, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty. NOAA and NCEI cannot assume liability for any damages caused by any errors or omissions in these data. If appropriate, NCEI can only certify that the data it distributes are an authentic copy of the records that were accepted for inclusion in the NCEI archives.
Other Constraints Cite as: Amante, C. and B.W. Eakins, 2009. ETOPO1 1 Arc-Minute Global Relief Model: Procedures, Data Sources and Analysis. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS NGDC-24. National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA. doi:10.7289/V5C8276M [access date].
Fees
  • None
Lineage information for: repository
Processing Steps
  • 2015-04-22T00:00:00 - NOAA created the National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) by merging NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC), National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC), and National Oceanographic Data Center (NODC), including the National Coastal Data Development Center (NCDDC), per the Consolidated and Further Continuing Appropriations Act, 2015, Public Law 113-235. NCEI launched publicly on April 22, 2015.
Lineage information for: dataset
Processor
  • DOC/NOAA/NESDIS/NCEI > National Centers for Environmental Information, NESDIS, NOAA, U.S. Department of Commerce
Processing Steps
  • 2008-06-17T00:00:00 - All datasets obtained by NGDC were converted to common horizontal and vertical datums of WGS 84 and sea level, respectively, using FME. They were also converted to common file format, ESRI point shapefiles, for visualization and inspection.
  • 2008-06-25T00:00:00 - Datasets were visually inspected with ArcGIS for identification and editing of data anomalies. Datasets were then compared with overlapping datasets to ensure data consistency.
  • 2008-06-30T00:00:00 - Coastline datasets were adjusted to fit satellite imagery.
  • 2008-07-10T00:00:00 - xyz files of the Measured and Estimated Seafloor Topography data (between -500 m and 0 m) were surfaced using GMT's 'surface' tool onto a 1 arc-minute cell size grid that interpolated to fill empty cells. Points extracted along the GSHHS coastline were also included, at -1 m elevation, to force bathymetric interpolation into the coastal zone. The resulting Arc ASCII grid was clipped to the coastline and the -120 m contour to remove values over land and non-coastal waters.
  • 2008-07-18T00:00:00 - xyz files for each input dataset were gridded using MB-System's 'mbgrid' tool, which utilizes a high-tension spline interpolation method to fill grid cells with no input elevation values. Preferential weighting was given to the NSIDC Antarctica RAMP topography dataset. Least weight was given to the global datasets and the interpolated bathymetric surface. Gridding was performed in 16 regional tiles, each with a 5% data buffer. The grids were imported in ArcGIS and seamlessly merged to create the final global relief model.
  • 2008-07-31T00:00:00 - ETOPO1 was bult as a global, grid-registered, 1 arc-minute grid that spans from pole to pole and from -180 degrees to 180 degrees in longitude. It is 21601 cells by 10801 cells in dimension, with multiple duplicate cells sitting atop the North and South poles and on the -180 degrees and 180 degrees longitude line. A cell-registered version (21600 by 10800 cells) was created from the grid-registered version by resampling, using GMT's 'grdsample' tool. This resampling introduces some flattening of relief, due to averaging of four grid-registered cell vlaues to produce one cell-registered value. Both types are global, though the grid-registered version should be considered the authoritative version. The cell-registered version may be more appropriate for creating maps and images.
Processing Environment Native Dataset Environment: Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.2 (Build 3790) Service Pack 2; ESRI ArcCatalog 9.2
Source Datasets
  • ADD Antarctica Coastline
    • Antarctica Coastline (download)
      Antarctica coastline data
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: Antarctica coastline data downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1993-01-01 to 2006-01-01
  • NGDC Gulf of California Bathymetry
    • NGDC Multibeam Bathymetry Database (download)
      Multibeam swath sonar survey data
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: Multibeam bathymetry data downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: Unknown to
  • CEP Isolines of the Bathymetry of the Caspian Sea
    • Isolines of the Bathymetry of the Caspian Sea (download)
      Isolines of the bathymetry is used for showing the depths of the Caspian Sea
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: Caspian Sea bathymetric isolines downloaded from web site. ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1987-01-01 to 1999-01-01
  • CIESM Morpho-bathymetry of the Mediterranean Sea
    • Morpho-bathymetry of the Mediterranean Sea (download)
      Grid derived from multibeam swath sonar bathymetric surveys
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: Bathymetric grid of the Mediterranean sea derived from multibeam swath sonar bathymetric surveys downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: Unknown to
  • Measured and Estimated Seafloor Topography
    • Measured and Estimated Seafloor Topography (download)
      Grid derived from known soundings and sea-surface altimetry measurements
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: Grid derived from known soundings and sea-surface altimetry measurements downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1997-01-01 to 2008-01-01
  • A high resolution spherical grid topography of the Baltic Sea 2nd edition
  • International Bathymetry Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO)
    • IBCAO (download)
      Digital data base that contains all available bathymetric data north of 64 degrees North
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: Digital data base that contains all available bathymetric data north of 64 degrees North downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1999-01-01 to 2008-01-01
  • NGDC U.S Coastal Relief Model
    • U.S Coastal Relief Model (download)
      Integrated coastal bathymetric and topographic relief model
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: U.S Coastal Relief Model downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1999-01-01 to 2005-01-01
  • NGDC U.S Great Lakes Bathymetry
    • U.S Great Lakes Bathymetry (download)
      Grid of U.S Great Lakes bathymetry
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: U.S Great Lakes Bathymetry downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1996-01-01 to 2005-01-01
  • Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM)
    • Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (download)
      global topography
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: gridded topographic data downloaded from web site. ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: Unknown to
  • Global Land One-km Base Elevation (GLOBE)
    • Global Land One-km Base Elevation (GLOBE) (download)
      A 30-arc-second (1-km) gridded, quality-controlled global Digital Elevation Model (DEM)
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: gridded topographic data downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1940-01-01 to 1999-01-01
  • NSIDC Antarctica Radarsat Antarctic Mapping Project (RAMP) Topography
    • RAMP DEM Version 2 (download)
      400 m grid of Antarctica ice surface
    • Description of Source: Source Contribution: NSIDC 400 m elevation grid of Antarctica ice surface downloaded from web site ; Source Type: online
    • Temporal extent used: 1940-01-01 to 2001-01-01
  • NSIDC Greenland Bedrock
Last Modified: 2017-09-01
For questions about the information on this page, please email: dem.info@noaa.gov