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World Data Service for Geophysics

NOAA and MMS Marine Minerals Bibliography Documentation

doi:10.7289/V53X84KN

August 28, 1992

From 1983 to 1991, the National Geophysical Data Center actively compiled a comprehensive, computerized bibliography and geochemical data base on offshore marine mineral deposits. This Marine Minerals Project was a cooperative effort between NGDC and the Ocean Minerals and Energy Division (OMED) of the National Ocean Service of NOAA from 1983-1989. The Office of International Activities and Marine Minerals (INTERMAR) of the Minerals Management Service, (formerly the Office of Strategic and International Minerals) added its support to the project from 1985-1992. In 1992, the bibliography and database were released by NGDC on CD-ROM.

The Marine Minerals Bibliography includes references to present-day marine deposits of ferromanganese nodules and crusts, placers/heavy minerals, phosphorites, and polymetallic sulfides from the mid-1800s through 1990, and references over 17,000 published and unpublished documents.

Fields in the Marine Minerals Bibliography include author, title, publication/serial title, date of publication, language, etc., as well as several key word categories including geographic area and type of study conducted. Subject key words are annotated with "technical" or "general" to indicate whether a subject was mentioned briefly, or was explored in detail. Key words also include the names of each mineral and each element mentioned in the article. Geographic keys include ocean or sea name, coded designations for the ocean/sea, the name of any pertinent geographic feature, U.S. exclusive economic zones (e.g. East Coast), and geologic setting.

Many documents relevant to marine minerals were not "key worded" for the Marine Minerals Bibliography. Only articles which directly mentioned a deposit of one of the four types listed above were included - not articles which, for example studied water column chemistry in an area of known interest, but never mentioned a mineral deposit. Many of these closely related articles are to be found in the bibliography, with the "STATUS" of "NOT KEYED,RELATED." Such articles were usually discovered in the list of references at the end of an article on marine minerals, requested, read, and then determined not to have direct information on a deposit. The related articles were kept in the bibliography with a "NOT KEYED,RELATED" status in order to avoid re-requesting and re-reviewing them.

                                                                                
            EXPLANATION OF FIELDS/CODES USED ON KEY WORD FORM                   
                                                                                
   (key word forms used for each deposit type follow this explanation)          
                                                                                
The following were the written instructions given to people performing key      
word extraction on articles.  Many additional terms were entered as "other"     
key words, but the additional terms were not entered as consistently, and       
should not be relied upon as an index of all articles in which those terms      
occurred.  The most consistent, and useful key words will be found in the       
various SUBJECTS and SETTINGS, as well as in the KEY WORDS section in the       
form of mineral and element names mentioned in association with a deposit.      
                                                                                
                                                                                
                       DEPOSIT TYPE AND RELEVANCE                               
                                                                                
Relevance:  P = Primary Topic of Article  S = Secondary topic                   
                                                                                
Whole Article - refers to whether the type of mineral deposit on this           
form was the main subject of the article, or was only mentioned as a            
secondary (less important) subject.  If any one chapter in a multiauthor        
volume has a relevance of 'P', then the entire multiauthor volume should be     
given a relevance of 'P' for that deposit type.                                 
                                                                                
Relevance:  T = Technical  G = General                                          
                                                                                
For 1 digit fields - refers to whether this particular subject is covered       
in the article as a general 'common knowledge' item, or is studied in           
technical detail - quantitative analyses are always technical, but some         
non-quantitative data can also be classified as technical.                      
                                                                                
Type:  Refers to the type of deposit being described on this form - more        
than one form is required (1 per type) if more than one relevant type of        
deposit is treated in the article.                                              
                                                                                
        MN = Manganese                                                          
        PH = Phosphorite                                                        
        PS = Polymetallic Sulfide                                               
        HM = Heavy Mineral/Placer Study                                         
                                                                                
Deposit - Refers to an actual concentration of Manganese (crust, pavement,      
micronodules, nodules, etc.),  Phosphorite (nodules, layers, massive            
deposits), Placer (Placer or Heavy Mineral study on a continental shelf or      
other insular margin < 200 meters water depth - deposits where the only         
heavy mineral mentioned is pyrite do not qualify as heavy mineral/placer),      
or Polymetallic Sulfides (veins, stockwork, layers, massive sulfides, etc.)     
associated with hydrothermal systems in the ocean.  Where the sulfides are      
finely disseminated in a hard rock rather than isolated as significant          
veins, etc., it is not considered to be a polymetallic sulfide deposit for      
purposes of this bibliography.                                                  
                                                                                
This does not include disseminated Mn or Sulfides in sediments (including       
pyrite) unless closely associated with a hydrothermal vent or ridge system.     
It also does not include mn, sulfate, sulfide, phosphorus or phosphate          
dissolved in the water column, or phosphorus/phosphate disseminated in          
sediment.  'Phosphorite' is a specific term referring to a rock of higher       
than a certain % phosphorus - we don't draw a line because the % varies.        
Phosphorus is an element, and phosphates are a group of compounds - we are      
interested in 'phosphorites' or 'phosphate-rich' rocks, sand, gravel,           
pebbles, cobbles, crusts, or layers.                                            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                SUBJECTS                                        
                                                                                
Geochemistry:     where %'s of elements or compounds are measured within        
                  the deposit.  'T' if actual %'s are presented in the          
                  article - 'G' if general ranges are discussed. Any            
                  element/compound mentioned should be included as an           
                  'other key word' - only if it is mentioned in relation        
                  to a relevant deposit.                                        
                                                                                
Photographs:      B = Bottom Photo (photo of the sea floor)                     
                  S = Sample Photo (core, hand sample, microscopic)             
                  P = Photo, both (bottom photo and sample photo)               
                                                                                
Mineralogy:      'G' if minerals within the deposit are just named.             
                 'T' if %'s are given or methods (x-ray diffraction,            
                  etc.) are discussed in detail. Any mineral mentioned          
                  should be included as an 'other key word'- only if it         
                  is mentioned in relation to a relevant deposit.               
                                                                                
Age Date Codes:   R = Relative (paleo/strat), A = Absolute, B = Both            
                                                                                
Deposit Genesis: 'G' if mentioned, ie. 'diagenetic', 'T' if methods of          
                  deposit formation are discussed in detail.                    
                                                                                
Growth/Accum.:    where the rate of growth of nodules (or accumulation          
                  of matter by the deposit in general is given)                 
                                                                                
Geophys Explor:   For placer/heavy minerals articles.  Refers to                
                  geophysical exploration directly related to the               
                  heavy mineral deposit ONLY.  For example, a magne-            
                  tometer survey to discover the limits of the deposit.         
                                                                                
Grain Size:       For placer/heavy minerals articles.  Refers to a grain        
                  size analysis of the actual heavy mineral-rich area           
                  or placer deposit ONLY.                                       
                                                                                
Predictive Modelling:  For placer/heavy minerals articles.  A study of          
                       the possible sources of the heavy minerals found in      
                       the deposit - development of a THEORETICAL MODEL to      
                       explain the deposit location, configuration, or          
                       composition, or predict location of other placers.       
                                                                                
                                                                                
                          SURROUNDING SEDIMENT                                  
                                                                                
Sediment - When the sediment surrounding a deposit is studied, for              
manganese deposits, then use this category - it usually refers to sediments     
around hydrothermal vents or around Mn nodules.                                 
                                                                                
Geochemistry:  used if the geochemistry of the sediment or its interstitial     
               waters is given.  Same criteria for 'T/G' as in deposit,         
               includes isotope chemistry of sediments.                         
                                                                                
Properties:    used if any physical properties of the sediment are measured     
               - ie. grain size, density, porosity, permeability, general       
               makeup, thickness, etc.  'G' if just mentioned, 'T' if           
               studied in detail, or a major subject of the article.            
                                                                                
                                                                                
                           HARD ROCK STUDIES                                    
                                                                                
Hard Rock - This category is used when hard rock associated with a deposit,     
or an area where deposit formation is likely (ie. around a hydrothermal         
vent) is studied, rather than/ or in addition to, the actual mineral            
deposit.  (if a 'hard rock' study of a massive sulfide or phosphorite           
itself is made, then use the deposit category above).  Any study of the         
rock qualifies - use appropriate 'other key words' to qualify the type of       
study.                                                                          
                                                                                
                                                                                
                         WATER COLUMN STUDIES                                   
                                                                                
Water Column - This refers to water above or surrounding a deposit, or a        
hydrothermal vent (not to interstitial or pore water of sediment, or fluid      
inclusions in hardrock).  It can be used for hydrothermal vent waters after     
they exit the vent into the water column.  Waters within vents are              
described using the 'other key words' fields.                                   
                                                                                
Chemistry:    any chemical study at all (T or G)                                
                                                                                
Temperature:  any measurement of water temperature (T or G)                     
                                                                                
                                                                                
                            OTHER TOPICS                                        
                                                                                
Other Topics - Check any of these 'T' or 'G' if discussed at all in the         
               article.  'G' if mentioned, 'T' if discussed in technical        
               detail.                                                          
                                                                                
Economics:    The value, mining potential, or political/economic importance     
                                                                                
Instruments:  The instruments used to study, retrieve, or process the           
              deposit are discussed (includes patents)                          
                                                                                
Law:          National or international laws, treaties, agreements,             
              or principles are discussed                                       
                                                                                
Extraction:   Also known as 'beneficiation' - involves the removal of           
              selected elements or compounds from deposit materials             
              once they are recovered from the sea floor - may be               
              chemical or mechanical or both (methods of recovery of            
              material from the sea floor are 'instruments')                    
                                                                                
Environmental:  some discussion of the impact of mining the deposit on          
  Impact        the surrounding environment.                                    
                                                                                
Biology:      Living organisms near the deposit are mentioned, or               
              their possible role in the deposit formation is                   
              discussed (also note environmental impact, if applicable)         
                                                                                
                                                                                
                               SETTINGS                                         
                                                                                
Geologic Setting:  Place an 'X' next to applicable setting or leave blank       
                                                                                
Feature Name:      List all applicable names, if on present list, use exact     
                   spelling, if not, please add to the list.  Maximum           
                   length of a feature name is 30 characters including          
                   blanks and punctuation.  For deposits described as being     
                   offshore from a region with a placename (beach, town,        
                   etc.).  Please code that placename as a feature name         
                   also.  Definitely list all state names in the U.S. if        
                   known, from which the deposits are offshore.                 
                                                                                
U.S. EEZ Zones:    Place an 'X' in the blank for each zone discussed, if        
                   EEZ zones are discussed, but no mention of a specific        
                   zone is made, code as 'general (unspecified)'.               
                                                                                
L.O.S. Areas:      Use 999 for Worldwide See map and list of area codes -       
                   code 2-digit number in first 2 blanks of field, leaving      
                   3rd blank for letter code                                    
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                 KEY WORDS                                      
                                                                                
Other Key words:   See list and explanation below, maximum length of other      
                   key words is 30 digits including blanks and punctuation.     
                                                                                
"Other Key word" List                                                           
                                                                                
1)  Note all minerals, elements, and compounds studied which DIRECTLY           
RELATE TO THE DEPOSIT.  Use proper names, not chemical formulas.                
                                                                                
2) Note the form of the deposit (nodules, pellets, etc.), for placer/heavy      
mineral deposits note if it is a placer or heavy mineral.                       
                                                                                
3) Note any major topic in the article not covered by these instructions -      
check indexes in bibliography to try to keep terms consistent, where            
possible.                                                                       
                                                                                
4) Always note the following when they are discussed in an article; Please      
spell out words exactly - do not use portion in parentheses.                    
                                                                                
ABUNDANCE (usually of nodules - includes 'surface density')                     
AMINO ACIDS (aging - also note age of A/B as appropriate under deposit)         
COSMIC SPHERULES (also chondrites - usually as nuclei in Mn nodules)            
DISTRIBUTION (maps of deposit locations)                                        
DOMES                                                                           
EQUILIBRIUM CONSTANTS                                                           
FLUID INCLUSIONS(in hard rock)                                                  
GLORIA                                                                          
INTERSTITIAL WATERS (of sediment)                                               
ISOTOPES (measured within deposit)                                              
LABORATORY SIMULATION (conditions recreated in a laboratory)                    
LAND (when land deposit is the main (> 50%) topic of discussion)                
MAGNETICS (of the deposit - not general geophysical measurements in area)       
MAP (if oversize, foldout, map included, also note 'distribution')              
POROSITY-DENSITY (of nodules)                                                   
RADIOACTIVE ISOTOPES (also note 'isotopes')                                     
SEABEAM (may or may not relate directly to a deposit)                           
SEAMARC                                                                         
SORPTION PROPERTIES (usually of an Mn deposit)                                  
SOUND SCATTERING PROPERTIES (usually of Mn deposits)                            
SUSPENDED PARTICULATE MATTER (may be referred to as SPM in article)             
VENT PROCESSES (ie. circulation patterns of hydrothermal vents)                 
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                                                                
                 OCEAN NAME/FEATURE NAME RELATIONSHIPS                          
                                                                                
(MAR = Mid Atlantic Ridge)                                                      
                                                                                
(EPR = East Pacific Rise)                                                       
                                                                                
                             ATLANTIC OCEAN                                     
                                                                                
FEATURE NAME                        GEOLOGIC SETTING            LOS AREA        
                                                                                
African Shelf (SW,N,W)              Continental Margin          32A & 23A       
Agulhas Bank or Plateau             Continental Margin          32A & 45        
Amar Rift                           Rift Zone                   23A             
Angolan Shelf                       Continental Margin          32A             
Annan Seamount (9N,21W)             Seamount                    23A             
Argentine Basin                     Other                       32B             
Atlantis Fracture Zone              Other                       23A&B           
Bermuda Rise                        Other                       23B             
Blake Plateau                       Continental Margin          23B             
Cape Basin (approx.40 S,10 E)       Other                       32A             
Caryn Seamount (36 N, 68 W)         Seamount                    23B             
Clyde Sea (SW Scotland)             Other                       18              
Corner Seamounts (35N,51W)          Seamount                    23B             
Cornwall                            Continental Margin        23A,21,20         
Falkland Plateau                    Other                       32B             
Famous 37N                          Mid-Ocean Ridge             23A             
Jan Mayen Ridge                     Mid-Ocean Ridge             6, 5            
Gulf of St. Lawrence                Other                       24              
Kane Fracture Zone                  Other                       23A&B           
MAR (23N,24N,30N,45N)               Mid-Ocean Ridge             23A & 23B       
Moroccan Shelf                      Continental Margin          23A             
Namibia Shelf                       Continental Margin          32A             
New England Seamounts               Seamount                    23B             
New Zealand Seamounts (38N,6W)      Seamount                    23A             
Pleito Seamount (33N,29W)           Seamount                    23A             
Pourtales Terrace (Blake Plateau)   Continental Margin          23B             
Reykjanes Ridge                     Mid-Ocean Ridge             23A             
Rio Grande Rise                     Mid-Ocean Ridge             32B             
Rockall Plateau                     Other                       23A             
Romanche Fracture Zone              Other                       23A & 32B       
Rosemary Bank                       Other                       23A             
San Pablo Seamount                  Seamount                    23B             
Sao Paulo Ridge                     Mid-Ocean Ridge                             
Scotia Sea                          Other                       32B             
Snake Pit (MAR)                     Mid-Ocean Ridge             23B             
Spanish Shelf                       Continental Margin          23A             
St. Ives Bay                        Continental Margin          20, 23A         
TAG 26N                             Mid-Ocean Ridge             23B             
Vema Fracture Zone                  Other                       23B             
Walvis Bay                          Continental Margin          32A             
Walvis Ridge                        Mid-Ocean Ridge             32A             
                                                                                
                                 INDIAN OCEAN                                   
                                                                                
FEATURE NAME                        GEOLOGIC SETTING            LOS AREA        
Agulhas Bank                        Other                       45, 32A         
Carlsberg Ridge                     Mid-Ocean Ridge             45, 39          
Central Indian Basin                Other                       45              
Crozet Basin                        Other                       45              
Indian Ridge (undifferentiated)     Mid-Ocean Ridge             45              
Kerala Coast (W India)              Continental Margin          42              
Laccadive-Chagos Archipelago        Other                       45              
Madagascar Basin                    Other                       45              
Mascarene Basin                     Other                       45              
Mid-Indian Ridge                    Mid-Ocean Ridge             45              
Mozambique Plateau                  Other                       45              
Ninety East Ridge                   Mid-Ocean Ridge             45              
Seychelles Basin                    Other                       45              
Scherbakov  Seamount                Seamount                    45              
Somali Basin                        Other                       45              
S. Australian Basin                 Other                       45              
S. Indian Basin                     Other                       45              
S.E. Indian Ridge                   Mid-Ocean Ridge             45              
S.W. Indian Ridge                   Mid-Ocean Ridge             45              
Tasman Plateau                      Other                       45              
West Australian Trough              Other                       45              
Wharton Basin                       Other                       45              
  (20S,100E to 30S,110E)                                                        
                                                                                
                                                                                
                               PACIFIC OCEAN                                    
                                                                                
FEATURE NAME                        GEOLOGIC SETTING            LOS AREA        
                                                                                
Ariake Bay (Japan)                  Continental Margin          56, 50          
Asan Bay (off Korea, Yellow Sea)    Continental Margin          51              
Axial Seamount (Juan de Fuca area)  Seamount                    57B             
Bauer Deep                          Other                       61A             
Baja (W.California, Mexico)         Continental Margin          57B             
Bellinghausen Basin (50-60S,S.Pac)  Other                       61A             
California Borderland               Continental Margin          57B             
Campbell Plateau                    Other                       61B             
Cape Johnson Seamount               Seamount                    57B             
Carnegie Ridge  (near Ecuador)      Mid-ocean ridge             61A             
Caroline Basin                      Other                       57A             
Central Pacific Basin               Other                       57A,57B,61B     
Chatham Rise                        Other (uz)                  61B             
Chile Basin                         Other                       61A             
Chilean Shelf                       Continental Margin          61A             
Clarion Fracture Zone               Other                       57B             
Clarion-Clipperton Province         Other                       57B             
 (do not enter this - use:                                                      
  Clarion Fracture Zone                                                         
  Clipperton Fracture Zone                                                      
  Pacific Mn Nodule Province                                                    
 - all 3 to replace it instead)                                                 
Clipperton Seamounts                Seamount                    57A             
Clipperton Fracture Zone            Other                       57B             
Cobb Seamounts                      Seamount                    57B             
Coronado Bank (CA-Mexico)           Continental Margin          57B             
Costa Rica Rift                     Rift Zone                   57B             
Delwood Seamounts                   Seamount                    57B             
DOMES (A,B,C)                       Other                       57B             
Eltanin Fracture Zone               Other                       61A             
Emperor Seamounts                   Seamount                    57A             
Endeavour Ridge                     Mid-Ocean Ridge             57B             
   (U.S.EEZ-West Coast)                                                         
EPR (21N,15N-7S,12S-14S,12S-16S,    Mid-Ocean Ridge             61A,57B         
    17S-21S,AMPHD2=8S,20S,13N,12N                                               
    ,20N,15S)                                                                   
Erben Seamount                      Seamount                    57B             
Escanaba Trough                     Other                       57B             
Explorer Ridge                      Mid-Ocean Ridge             57B             
Fiji Basin                          Back-arc Basin              61B             
Forty Mile Bank (CA-Mexico)         Continental Margin          57B             
Galapagos Rift                      Rift Zone                   57B             
Gilbert Seamounts                   Seamount                    57B             
Goodnews Bay (Alaska)               Continental Margin          55              
Gorda Ridge                         Mid-Ocean Ridge             57B             
Green Seamount (near EPR)           Seamount                    57B             
Gundlach Hohe Seamount              Seamount                                    
Hess Deep (101W.2N)                 Other                       57B             
Horizon Guyot                       Seamount                    57B             
Juan De Fuca Ridge                  Mid-Ocean Ridge             57B             
Kelabat Bay (N Banka Island)        Other                       49              
Kelly Ridge (near Johnston Isl)     Mid-Ocean Ridge             57B             
Kermadec Ridge                      Mid-Ocean Ridge             61B             
Larson's Seamount (Red Volcano)     Seamount                    57B             
Lau Basin                           Other                       61B             
Lau Ridge                           Other                       61B             
Line Island Area                    Other                       61B,57B         
Lingayen Gulf (NW Philippines)      Other                       49              
Loihi Volcano (Hawaii)              Seamount                    57B             
Lord Howe Rise                      Other                       63              
Makarov Guyot                       Seamount                    57A             
Manihiki Plateau                    Other                       61B             
MANOP (R,S,C,M,H)                   Other                       57B             
Manus Basin (New Guinea)            Other                       66              
Marcus Ridge                        Other                       57B             
Marianas Basin                      Back-arc Basin              56              
Marianas Trench                     Other                       57A             
Marquesas Archipelago               Other (Seamount??)          61A,61B         
Matahiva (Fr. Polynesia)            Other                       61A,61B         
Matupi Harbour (New Britain)        Back-arc Basin              65              
Mendocino Fracture Zone             Other                       57B             
Mid-Pacific Seamounts               Seamount                    57A             
Mid-Pacific Mountains               Seamount                    57A&B           
Milwaukee Bank (S. of Emp. chn)     Other                       57B             
Molokai Fracture Zone               Other                       57B             
Nauru Basin (5N,165E)               Other                       57A             
Nazca Ridge                         Mid-Ocean Ridge             61A             
Necker Bank (??)                    Other                       57B             
Necker Ridge                        Other                       57B             
North Pacific Basin                 Other                       57B             
Ogasawara Arc (Japan)               Other                       57A             
Pacific Mn Nodule Province          Other                       57B             
Panama Basin (5N,83W)               Other                       57B             
Penrhyn Basin                       Other                       61B             
Peru Basin (Sonne Basin)            Other                       61A             
Peruvian Shelf (Chilean)            Continental Margin          61A             
Punta Banda (Baja region-31d,45'N) - use 'BAJA'                                 
Ranger Bank (CA-Mexico)             Continental Margin          57B             
Red Seamount (near EPR)             Seamount                    57B             
Ross Sea                            Other                       61B             
Samoa Basin                         Other                       61B             
Samoan Passage                      Other                       61B             
Santa Monica Bay                    Other                       57B             
Santa Rosa-Cortex Ridge (CA-Mexico) Continental Margin          57B             
Shatsky Rise (30N,150E)             Other                       57A             
Shimada Seamount                    Seamount                    57B             
Siqueiros Transform Fault           Other                       57B             
South Pacific Basin                 Other                       61A,61B         
S.P. Lee Guyot                      Seamount                    57B             
Sylvania Seamount                   Seamount                    57A             
Tanner-Cortes Bank                  Continental Margin          57B             
Tapu Basin                          Other                       61B             
Tasman Plateau                      Other                       45              
Tasman Seamounts                    Seamount                    63              
Thirty Mile Bank                    Continental Margin          57B             
Tiki Basin (134W,12S)               Other                       61A             
Titou Seamount (Mid-Pac,near        Seamount                    57B             
               Bakeu Island)                                                    
Tonga Ridge                         Mid-Ocean Ridge             61B             
Torishima Island (30N,139E)                                                     
Tuamotu Archipelago                 Other                       61A,61B         
Ussuri Bay (Sea of Japan)           Other                       52              
Vanuatu                             Back-arc Basin              64              
Wahine (153W,8N)                    Other                       57B             
West Philippine Basin               Back-arc Basin              56              
Yupanqui Basin                      Other                       61A             
                                                                                
                                                                                
                                  RED SEA                                       
                                                                                
FEATURE NAME                        GEOLOGIC SETTING            LOS AREA        
                                                                                
Halaib Region                       Rift Zone                   37              
Atlantis II Deep                    Rift Zone                   37              
Nereus Deep                         Rift Zone                   37              
Erba Deep                           Rift Zone                   37              
Thetis Deep                         Rift Zone                   37              
Gypsum Deep                         Rift Zone                   37              
Suakin Deep                         Rift Zone                   37              
                                                                                
                                                                                
                             OTHER OCEAN AREAS                                  
                                                                                
FEATURE NAME                       GEOLOGIC SETTING             LOS AREA        
                                                                                
Aotea Seamount (Tasman Sea)        Seamount                     63              
Arctic Basin                       Other                        17              
Banu Wuhu (N.Celebes,Celebes sea)  Seamount                     48B             
E. Australian Shelf                Continental Margin           63              
Guaymas Basin (Gulf of CA)         Rift Zone                    60              
Gulf of Paria (Venezuela)          Other                        27              
Jan Mayen Ridge                    Mid-Ocean Ridge              5, 6            
Jarvis Inlet (Coast Brit.Col.)     Continental Margin           59              
Lipari Ridge (Tyrrhenean Sea,Med)  Rift Zone                    28E             
Loch Fyne                          Continental Margin           18              
Mid Cayman Rise (Caribbean)        Other                        27              
Palinuro Seamount                  Seamount                     28E             
Santorini (Aegean Sea)             Seamount                     28H             
Shikoku Basin (29N,136E)           Other                        56              
Stromboli Island                   Seamount                     28E             
Tasman Seamounts                   Seamount                     63              
Vulcano Island(Baja diLevante or Bahia)                         28E             
                                                                                

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
___________________________________________________________________________                                                                                

Bibliographic data were compiled and managed at NGDC using the INMAGIC(tm)      
software package, and are searchable on this CD-ROM using the Record            
ReferenceBook(tm) software.  Subdirectory \DATA\MMBIB contains the ASCII        
load files for both sets of software, and corresponding INMAGIC(tm)             
dictionary and structure files for users with INMAGIC(tm) software              
licenses.  Please see file \DATA\MMBIB\README for more information.             
                                                                                
A description of the instructions provided to personnel at NGDC who coded       
key word and other information from articles for the Marine Minerals            
Bibliography follows, along with an explanation of the fields and codes         
used in the key word abstraction.  Copies of the actual coding forms used       
are included at the end of the text.                                            
                                                                                
     BIBLIOGRAPHY DOCUMENTS NOW AVAILABLE THROUGH THE MMTC, HAWAII              
                                                                                
                                                                                
In July of 1992 NGDC transferred, on permanent loan, the collection of          
documents collected for the NGDC Marine Minerals Bibliography to the Marine     
Minerals Technology Center (MMTC), Ocean Basins Division, in Hawaii to          
facilitate public access to the collection.                                     
                                                                                
For more information on the availability of articles from the collection,       
please contact the MMTC:                                                        
                          Marine Minerals Technology Center                     
                          Ocean Basins Division                                 
                          University of Hawaii                                  
                          Look Laboratory                                       
                          811 Olomehani Street                                  
                          Honolulu, HI  96814                                   
                          808-522-5611                                          
                                                                                
The collection will be kept as a discrete set, filed according to the           
"MMBIB" number, in order to facilitate its use with the computerized NGDC       
Marine Minerals Bibliography and Geochemical Data Base, and will remain in      
the public domain, with free access (not duplication) provided to all           
interested parties.                                                             
                                                                                
Publications generated using the collection are required to cite the NGDC       
Marine Minerals Bibliography as a source of information, including              
reference to NOAA/NGDC, and to the project sponsors, MMS/INTERMAR and           
NOAA/NOS/OMED.                                                                  
                                                                                
___________________________________________________________________________     
                                                                                
                  MMBIB - KEY WORD CODING FORM - MANGANESE                      
___________________________________________________________________________     
                                                                                
MMBIB:  __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __          Relevance:  __   Type: MN        
                                                 (P or S)                       
        Deposit        Geochemistry:  __   Photos(B/S/P):  __                   
                       Mineralogy  :  __   Age (R/A/B)  :  __                   
                       Genesis     :  __   Growth/Accum.:  __                   
        Sediment       Geochemistry:  __   Properties   :  __                   
        Water Column   Chemistry   :  __   Temperature  :  __                   
        Other Topics   Economics   :  __   Instruments  :  __  Law    :  __     
                       Extraction  :  __   Environmental:  __  Biology:  __     
                                            Impact                              
                                                                                
Geologic Setting:   __ Mid-Ocean Ridge  __ Rift Zone                            
   (X or blank)     __ Seamount         __ Other Ocean area                     
                    __ Continental Margin                                       
                                                                                
Feature Name    : _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
U.S. EEZ Zones :__ Alaska        __ Howland-Baker Islands  __ Puerto Rico-      
  (X or blank)  __ Amer. Samoa   __ Jarvis Island               Virgin Is       
                __ East Coast    __ Johnston Island        __ Wake Island       
                __ Gulf Coast    __ N. Marianas-Guam       __ West Coast        
                __ Hawaii-Midway __ Palmyra At-Kingman Rf  __ General           
Area Numbers    :  __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __      __ __ __        
                   __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __      __ __ __        
Other Key words :  Mn nodules/pavements    __    __________________________     
                   Mn crusts               __    __________________________     
                   Hydrothermal Mn seds    __    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                                                                                
                                                                                
___________________________________________________________________________     
                                                                                
           MMBIB - KEY WORD CODING FORM - PLACERS/HEAVY MINERALS                
___________________________________________________________________________     
MMBIB:  __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __          Relevance:  __   Type: HM        
                                                 (P or S)                       
        Deposit        Geochemistry:  __  Predictive Modelling   :  __          
                       Mineralogy  :  __  Geophysical Exploration:  __          
                       Origin      :  __  Grain Size Analysis    :  __          
        Other Topics   Economics   :  __   Instruments  :  __  Law    :  __     
                       Extraction  :  __   Environmental:  __  Biology:  __     
                                            Impact                              
Feature Name    : _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
U.S. EEZ Zones :__ Alaska        __ Howland-Baker Islands  __ Puerto Rico-      
  (X or blank)  __ Amer. Samoa   __ Jarvis Island               Virgin Is       
                __ East Coast    __ Johnston Island        __ Wake Island       
                __ Gulf Coast    __ N. Marianas-Guam       __ West Coast        
                __ Hawaii-Midway __ Palmyra At-Kingman Rf  __ General           
Area Numbers    :  __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __       __ __ __       
                   __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __       __ __ __       
Other Key words :  __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                   __________________ _________________ ___________________     
                                                                                
                                                                                
___________________________________________________________________________     
                                                                                
               MMBIB - KEY WORD CODING FORM - PHOSPHORITES                      
___________________________________________________________________________     
                                                                                
MMBIB:  __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __          Relevance:  __   Type: PH        
                                                (P or S)                        
        Deposit        Geochemistry:  __   Photos(B/S/P):  __                   
                       Mineralogy  :  __   Age (R/A/B)  :  __                   
                       Genesis     :  __   Growth/Accum.:  __                   
        Other Topics   Economics   :  __   Instruments  :  __  Law    :  __     
                       Extraction  :  __   Environmental:  __  Biology:  __     
                                            Impact                              
Geologic Setting:   __ Other Insular margin  __ Seamounts                       
 (X or blank)       __ Continental Margin    __ Other Ocean Area                
Feature Name    : _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
U.S. EEZ Zones :__ Alaska        __ Howland-Baker Islands  __ Puerto Rico-      
  (X or blank)  __ Amer. Samoa   __ Jarvis Island               Virgin Is       
                __ East Coast    __ Johnston Island        __ Wake Island       
                __ Gulf Coast    __ N. Marianas-Guam       __ West Coast        
                __ Hawaii-Midway __ Palmyra At-Kingman Rf  __ General           
Area Numbers    :  __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __      __ __ __        
                   __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __      __ __ __        
Other Key words :  __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                                                                                
                                                                                
___________________________________________________________________________     
         MMBIB - KEY WORD CODING FORM - POLYMETALLIC SULFIDES                   
___________________________________________________________________________     
                                                                                
MMBIB:  __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ __          Relevance:  __   Type: PS        
                                                 (P or S)                       
        Deposit        Geochemistry:  __   Photos(B/S/P):  __                   
                       Mineralogy  :  __   Age (R/A/B)  :  __                   
                       Genesis     :  __   Growth/Accum.:  __                   
        Sediment       Geochemistry:  __   Properties   :  __                   
        Hard Rock      Studies     :  __   (Geochemistry, Mineralogy, etc.)     
        Water Column   Chemistry   :  __   Temperature  :  __                   
        Other Topics   Economics   :  __   Instruments  :  __  Law    :  __     
                       Extraction  :  __   Environmental:  __  Biology:  __     
                                            Impact                              
                                                                                
Geologic Setting:   __ Mid-Ocean Ridge  __ Rift Zone  __ Other Ocean Area       
   (X or blank)     __ Continental Marg __ Back-Arc Basin                       
                                                                                
Feature Name    : _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
                  _________________________   ___________________________       
U.S. EEZ Zones :__ Alaska        __ Howland-Baker Islands  __ Puerto Rico-      
  (X or blank)  __ Amer. Samoa   __ Jarvis Island               Virgin Is       
                __ East Coast    __ Johnston Island        __ Wake Island       
                __ Gulf Coast    __ N. Marianas-Guam       __ West Coast        
                __ Hawaii-Midway __ Palmyra At-Kingman Rf  __ General           
Area Numbers    :  __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __       __ __ __       
                   __ __ __        __ __ __       __ __ __       __ __ __       
                                                                                
Other Key words :  __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
                   __________________________    __________________________     
___________________________________________________________________________     

More information on the Marine Minerals Bibliography, Geochemical Database, and CD-ROM Data Set